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Facts About SUDAN

Population: Latest estimates, on average, put Sudan's population at 37 million.
The Sudanese population is a mixture of people of Arab, Africa and Nubian descent. National population census was conducted in April,2008 and final results of the process are to be announced in October 2008.

Religion: Islam, Christianity and some local creeds.

Language: Arabic, English and local tongues and dialects.

Flag: Quarter-colored: the green representing vegetation, red token of struggle, white standing for peace and black representing Sudan and the Mahdi Revolution.

Emblem: Secretarybird.

Local time: GMT +3

Capital: Khartoum.

Currency: Sudanese Pound.(SDG)

Main ports: City of Port Sudan on the Red Sea, Osman Digna Harbour in Sawakin, Bashair oil terminal on the Red Sea, Wadi Halfa river port on the border with Egypt, Kosti river port in central Sudan and Malakal river port in south Sudan.

Area: Sudan is 2.5 million sq.k in area, or the equivalent of one million sq. miles, and ranks ninth in terms of area worldwide. It is the number one African country in area. Distance between is remotest point in the north and that in the east is 1700 kms. Sudan's border with neighboring countries is 7580 kms-long.



Climate Varying from Sahara to Savanna:
Sudan has different climate belts ranging from desert in the north to poor and rich savanna in the centre to the equatorial climate in the south with heavy rainfall and dense forests. In the areas of Jabel Marra, Erkweet and the Nuba mountains, climate is moderate. This variance in climate provides Sudan with conditions conducive to producing a variety of cereals and horticultural crops.

Antiquities and Wild Life:
Sudan is rich in historical relics such as palaces, temples, pyramids, churches and Islamic antiquities. Among the important archeological sites are Karma, Koro, Nori, Jebel Elbarkal, Merowi, Naga, Musawarat, old Dongola in the north, Soba and Sennar in central Sudan, Suwakin in the east and Al-Fasher and Torra north of Jebel Marra in the west. Important archaeological sites in Sudan are mentioned in world heritage books. Numerous museums have been established to house and preserve this heritage. Many natural reserves have been set up in Sudan including the Dinder game reserve area, which is the country's biggest game park with various species of animals and birds. Al-Dome natural reserve with rich natural scenery in Jebel Marra and the Red Sea coast should also be mentioned as popular destinations.